Program and Abstract (

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10:30 JST

9:30 UTC+8

Zoom Meeting Available (Speakers can check your device setting.)

10:50-11:00 JST

9:50-10:00 UTC+8

Opening Address

Yuusuke Iso, Jenn-Nang Wang

(Chair : Hiroshi Fujiwara; Kyoto University)

11:00-11:40 JST

10:00-10:40 UTC+8

Yi-Hsuan Lin (National Yang Ming Chiao Tung University)

林奕亘 (國立陽明交通大學)

Abstract:
We study several inverse problems associated with a fractional differential equation of the following form:
\begin{equation}
(-\Delta)^s u(x)+\sum_{k=0}^N a^{(k)}(x) [u(x)]^k=0,\ \ 0<s<1,\quad N\in\mathbb{N}\cup\{0\}\cup\{\infty\},
\end{equation}
which is given in a bounded domain $\Omega\subset\mathbb{R}^n$, $n\geq 1$. For any finite $N$, we show that $a^{(k)}(x)$, $k=0,1,\ldots, N$, can be uniquely determined by $N+1$ different pairs of Cauchy data in $\Omega_e:=\mathbb{R}^n\backslash\overline{\Omega}$. If $N=\infty$, the uniqueness result is established by using infinitely many pairs of Cauchy data. The results are highly intriguing in that it generally does not hold true in the local case, namely $s=1$, even for the simplest case when $N=0$, a fortiori $N\geq 1$. The nonlocality plays a key role in establishing the uniqueness result. We also establish several other unique determination results by making use of a minimal number of measurements. Moreover, in the process we derive a novel comparison principle for nonlinear fractional differential equations as a significant byproduct.

(Chair : Jenn-Nan Wang; National Taiwan University)

11:40-12:20 JST

10:40-11:20 UTC+8

Masaki Imagawa (Kyoto University)

今川 真城 (京都大学)

Abstract:
We consider boundary value problems of an advection equation
on a bounded Lipschitz domain with a piecewise $C^1$ boundary, and we
pose homogeneous inflow boundary condition to the equation.
Aiming at stable numerical computation, we introduce an elliptic
regularization term, which is called a viscosity term, to the
equation, and we give convergence estimates of regularized solutions
to the original solution with respect to a viscous parameter.
We also show some numerical results.

**References**

[1] C. Bardos, Problèmes aux limites pour les équations aux dérivées
partielles du premier ordre à coefficients réels ; théorèmes
d'approximation; application à l'équation de transport, *Ann. Sci. École Norm. Sup.(4)*, **3** (1970), pp.185-233.

[2] D. A. Di Pietro and A. Ern, *Mathematical aspects of
discontinuous Galerkin methods*, Springer (2012).

[3] G.-M. Gie, M. Hamouda, C.-Y. Jung and R. Temam,
*Singular perturbations and boundary layers*, Springer, Chem (2018).

[4] C. Johnson and U. Nävert, An analysis of some finite element methods for advection-diffusion problems, in *Analytical and Numerical Approaches to Asymptotic Problems in Analysis - Proceedings of the Conference on Analytical and Numerical Approaches to Asymptotic Problems*, North-Holland Mathematics Studies **47** (1981), pp.99-116.

12:20-13:00 JST

11:20-12:00 UTC+8

Masato Kimura (Kanazawa University)

木村 正人 (金沢大学)

Abstract:
We consider the dynamics of interacting particle systems where particles
are confined to a bounded domain. To control the particles not to escape
the domain, there are many boundary rules to the particle on the
boundary. But under these boundary rules, a rigorous solution concept
for particle trajectory is missing. Our aim is therefore to establish a
satisfactory analytical framework for particle dynamics where particles
are confined to a bounded, possibly nonconvex domain. We consider two
problems in this talk, one is a first-order ODE system, when particles
hit the boundary, we consider an instant change in velocity. The other
one is a second-order ODE system, we consider collisions with the
boundary are described as purely elastic collisions. This provides a
theoretical basis for the boundary conditions of particle methods. This
is joint work with Zhenxing Yang and Patrick van Meurs, Kanazawa
University.

**References**

[1] M. Kimura, P. van Meurs, Z.X. Yang: Particle dynamics subject to
impenetrable boundaries: existence and uniqueness of mild solutions.
SIAM J. Math. Anal. Vol.51, No.6 (2019) pp.5049-5076. (arXiv:1812.08969)

[2] M. Kimura, P. van Meurs, and Z.X. Yang: Particle dynamics with
elastic collision at the boundary: existence and partial uniqueness of
solutions. Acta Applicandae Mathematicae, Vol.147, No.1 (2021) 1-26.
(arXiv:2011.14485)

(Chair : I-Kun Chen; National Taiwan University)

14:00-14:40 JST

13:00-13:40 UTC+8

Takaaki Nishida (Kyoto University)

西田 孝明 (京都大学)

Abstract:
Stommel (1950) considered a model of thermal convection in horizontally long liquid layer with non-uniform heat supply under gravity. He obtained approximate solutions by asymptotic expansion of the equations with respect to a dimension-less parameter and showed its picture of contour line of the stream function and isothermal line. It may be considered as a simplest model of thermal effect to the ocean current. Here we show the existence of stationary solutions under some assumptions *depth $\ll$ horizontal length* and under stress free boundary conditions on the velocity. Also we show pictures of the isothermal line and the contour lines of solutions.

14:40 JST

13:40 UTC+8

Self Introduction of Participants

To enhance our friendship against the COVID-19, we request all
the participants to turn on a camera (webcam) and to give a short speech.
Or, you are appreciated to say just "Hello!" with smile.

(Chair : Daisuke Kawagoe; Kyoto University)

15:10-15:50 JST

14:10-14:50 UTC+8

Chun-Hsiang Tsou (National Central University)

鄒駿祥 (國立中央大學)

Abstract:
In this talk, I will present my recent work on the inverse scattering problems. In
this work, we tried to recover the polygonal scatters, which are characterized by the
piecewise constant coefficient in the principal part of the Helmholtz equation. The
main results are twofold, the stability estimation and the regularity of the transmission
eigenfunctions. We have obtained a logarithmic stability estimation for the polygonal
inclusions in terms of the far-field patterns. Moreover, an Hölder type regularity of the transmission eigenfunctions is also deduced.
This is the joint work with H. Liu at City University, Hong Kong.

15:50-16:30 JST

14:50-15:30 UTC+8

Pu-Zhao Kow (University of Jyväskylä)

邱普照 (University of Jyväskylä)

Abstract: In this talk, we are focusing on non-scattering obstacles. Precisely, we consider the following inverse scattering problem: Given a penetrable obstacle, does there exist an incident wave that does not scatter? In fact, each quadrature domain is non-scattering. There exists quadrature domain with inward cusp points as well as double points. We will also exhibit the procedure of constructing quadrature domains using an obstacle problem (i.e. partial balayage), which involving variational principle.

16:30-16:40 JST

15:30-15:40 UTC+8

Closing Address

Hitoshi Imai, Hiroshi Fujiwara