2022 Japan-Taiwan Joint Online Workshop on Numerical Analysis and Inverse Problems


25 March (Fri), 2022
10:50–16:40 (JST), 9:50–15:40 (Taiwan Time)


Online by Zoom. Click here to join the workshop. Zoom client is launched.
(Meeting ID : 930 0975 9886,      Passcord : 600213)

Note that they are subject to change.

The following venue is also available:
Room 203 (Applied Analysis Seminar Room) at Integrated Research Bldg. No.12([54] in map), Kyoto University.

Participant Guidelines

  • Please change your display name in Zoom to "Your Name (Your Affiliation)".
  • Recoding (video/audio) is not allowed.

Invited Speakers

Pu-Zhao Kow (University of Jyväskylä)    邱普照 (University of Jyväskylä)
Yi-Hsuan Lin (National Yang Ming Chiao Tung University)    林奕亘 (國立陽明交通大學)
Chun-Hsiang Tsou (National Central University)    鄒駿祥 (國立中央大學)

Masaki Imagawa (Kyoto University)    今川真城 (京都大学)
Masato Kimura (Kanazawa University)    木村正人 (金沢大学)
Takaaki Nishida (Kyoto University)    西田孝明 (京都大学)

Program and Abstract  (JST/Taiwan Time)  Click title to see abstract.     Download PDF version.

10:30 JST
Zoom Meeting Available (Speakers can check your device setting.)

10:50-11:00 JST
Opening Address

(Chair : Hiroshi Fujiwara; Kyoto University)

11:00-11:40 JST
Yi-Hsuan Lin (National Yang Ming Chiao Tung University)
Abstract: We study several inverse problems associated with a fractional differential equation of the following form: \begin{equation} (-\Delta)^s u(x)+\sum_{k=0}^N a^{(k)}(x) [u(x)]^k=0,\ \ 0<s<1,\quad N\in\mathbb{N}\cup\{0\}\cup\{\infty\}, \end{equation} which is given in a bounded domain $\Omega\subset\mathbb{R}^n$, $n\geq 1$. For any finite $N$, we show that $a^{(k)}(x)$, $k=0,1,\ldots, N$, can be uniquely determined by $N+1$ different pairs of Cauchy data in $\Omega_e:=\mathbb{R}^n\backslash\overline{\Omega}$. If $N=\infty$, the uniqueness result is established by using infinitely many pairs of Cauchy data. The results are highly intriguing in that it generally does not hold true in the local case, namely $s=1$, even for the simplest case when $N=0$, a fortiori $N\geq 1$. The nonlocality plays a key role in establishing the uniqueness result. We also establish several other unique determination results by making use of a minimal number of measurements. Moreover, in the process we derive a novel comparison principle for nonlinear fractional differential equations as a significant byproduct.

(Chair : Jenn-Nan Wang; National Taiwan University)

11:40-12:20 JST
Masaki Imagawa (Kyoto University)
Abstract: We consider boundary value problems of an advection equation on a bounded Lipschitz domain with a piecewise $C^1$ boundary, and we pose homogeneous inflow boundary condition to the equation. Aiming at stable numerical computation, we introduce an elliptic regularization term, which is called a viscosity term, to the equation, and we give convergence estimates of regularized solutions to the original solution with respect to a viscous parameter. We also show some numerical results.


[1] C. Bardos, Problèmes aux limites pour les équations aux dérivées partielles du premier ordre à coefficients réels ; théorèmes d'approximation; application à l'équation de transport, Ann. Sci. École Norm. Sup.(4), 3 (1970), pp.185-233.

[2] D. A. Di Pietro and A. Ern, Mathematical aspects of discontinuous Galerkin methods, Springer (2012).

[3] G.-M. Gie, M. Hamouda, C.-Y. Jung and R. Temam, Singular perturbations and boundary layers, Springer, Chem (2018).

[4] C. Johnson and U. Nävert, An analysis of some finite element methods for advection-diffusion problems, in Analytical and Numerical Approaches to Asymptotic Problems in Analysis - Proceedings of the Conference on Analytical and Numerical Approaches to Asymptotic Problems, North-Holland Mathematics Studies 47 (1981), pp.99-116.

12:20-13:00 JST
Masato Kimura (Kanazawa University)
Abstract: We consider the dynamics of interacting particle systems where particles are confined to a bounded domain. To control the particles not to escape the domain, there are many boundary rules to the particle on the boundary. But under these boundary rules, a rigorous solution concept for particle trajectory is missing. Our aim is therefore to establish a satisfactory analytical framework for particle dynamics where particles are confined to a bounded, possibly nonconvex domain. We consider two problems in this talk, one is a first-order ODE system, when particles hit the boundary, we consider an instant change in velocity. The other one is a second-order ODE system, we consider collisions with the boundary are described as purely elastic collisions. This provides a theoretical basis for the boundary conditions of particle methods. This is joint work with Zhenxing Yang and Patrick van Meurs, Kanazawa University.


[1] M. Kimura, P. van Meurs, Z.X. Yang: Particle dynamics subject to impenetrable boundaries: existence and uniqueness of mild solutions. SIAM J. Math. Anal. Vol.51, No.6 (2019) pp.5049-5076. (arXiv:1812.08969)

[2] M. Kimura, P. van Meurs, and Z.X. Yang: Particle dynamics with elastic collision at the boundary: existence and partial uniqueness of solutions. Acta Applicandae Mathematicae, Vol.147, No.1 (2021) 1-26. (arXiv:2011.14485)

(Chair : I-Kun Chen; National Taiwan University)

14:00-14:40 JST
Takaaki Nishida (Kyoto University)
Abstract: Stommel (1950) considered a model of thermal convection in horizontally long liquid layer with non-uniform heat supply under gravity. He obtained approximate solutions by asymptotic expansion of the equations with respect to a dimension-less parameter and showed its picture of contour line of the stream function and isothermal line. It may be considered as a simplest model of thermal effect to the ocean current. Here we show the existence of stationary solutions under some assumptions depth $\ll$ horizontal length and under stress free boundary conditions on the velocity. Also we show pictures of the isothermal line and the contour lines of solutions.

14:40 JST
Self Introduction of Participants
To enhance our friendship against the COVID-19, we request all the participants to turn on a camera (webcam) and to give a short speech. Or, you are appreciated to say just "Hello!" with smile.

(Chair : Daisuke Kawagoe; Kyoto University)

15:10-15:50 JST
Chun-Hsiang Tsou (National Central University)
Abstract: In this talk, I will present my recent work on the inverse scattering problems. In this work, we tried to recover the polygonal scatters, which are characterized by the piecewise constant coefficient in the principal part of the Helmholtz equation. The main results are twofold, the stability estimation and the regularity of the transmission eigenfunctions. We have obtained a logarithmic stability estimation for the polygonal inclusions in terms of the far-field patterns. Moreover, an Hölder type regularity of the transmission eigenfunctions is also deduced. This is the joint work with H. Liu at City University, Hong Kong.

15:50-16:30 JST
Pu-Zhao Kow (University of Jyväskylä)
Abstract: In this talk, we are focusing on non-scattering obstacles. Precisely, we consider the following inverse scattering problem: Given a penetrable obstacle, does there exist an incident wave that does not scatter? In fact, each quadrature domain is non-scattering. There exists quadrature domain with inward cusp points as well as double points. We will also exhibit the procedure of constructing quadrature domains using an obstacle problem (i.e. partial balayage), which involving variational principle.

16:30-16:40 JST
Closing Address


Jenn-Nan Wang (National Taiwan University)    王振男 (臺灣大學)
Yuusuke Iso (Kyoto University)    磯祐介 (京都大学)
Hitoshi Imai (Doshisha University)    今井仁司 (同志社大学)
Hiroshi Fujiwara (Kyoto University)    藤原宏志 (京都大学)